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Ark of the Covenant

Timelines and Events of the Hebrew Sojourn Superimposed on a
Historic Chronology of The Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt

The Genealogy of Christ according to Mathew Chapter 1:1-6
The Lineage of forefathers from 1715 - 921 bc
(All dates researched from the Dake's Annotated Bible Eighth Edition)

The Major Events and Life Spans of the Hebrew Patriarchs during the Jewish Sojourn in Egypt

 
1700bc 1600bc 1500bc 1400bc 1300bc

 <=1800 BC    
                   1715bc=> | ------------------Abraham-----------------------|<=1540BC
                                                                     1615BC=> | ------------------Isaac------------------------------- |
                                                                                                    1555BC=>| ---------------------Jacob------------- |
                                                                                                                                                  1467BC=>| -----------Judah-------1337BC>|<
                                                                                                                                                                                             | --------Pharez-------------- |
                                                                                                                                                                                                             |--------Esrom----- |
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           |---Aram--- |
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1300bc=>|


  The Life Spans of the Hebrew Patriarchs


             |<1715bc---Abraham --- 175yrs---- 1540bc >|  
                                                            |<=1640bc  God Calls Abraham to Leave Haran
                                                                |<=1630bc  Abraham Enters Egypt
                                                                      |<=1615-Isaac -180 yrs- 1435bc =>|
                                                                                          |<1555 -Jacob -147yrs- 1408bc>|
                                                                                                                       |<1484- Levi 137 yrs  1347bc >|
                                                                                                                           |<1474 Joseph 110yrs ->|
The hereditary line that leads to Joseph the adoptive Father of the Christ
                                                                                                                              
|<1467 -Judah 130yrs 1337bc>|
                                                                                                                       1430BC=>| Kobath 133yrs 1297bc>| 
                                                                        Joseph Sold Into Slavery=>|<= 1453   
                                                               Made governor of Egypt 1444bc =>|
                                                                                                                                        |<=1440bc 7 yr
                                                                                                                                                       Drought Begins
                          Jacob enters Egypt with 70 family members 1438bc=>|
                                                                                                     Aram dies 137 yrs of age=> |<=1377
                                                                                                                                     Joseph Dies =>|<1364bc
                                                                                                                         =>| Joseph Rules Egypt|<= 80 yrs
                                               1630bc->|<----Sojourn of the Hebrews begins -------------------------
 
1700bc 1600bc 1500bc 1400bc 1300bc

Historic Chronologies of the Pharaohs of Egypt
From the Records Of Manetho Commissioned By Ptolemy I in 300 bc
1640 - 1300 bc

17th Dynasty at Thebes
  :1640-----1550bc:

1700bc 1600bc 1500bc 1400bc 1300bc
          Iny0tef V 1640-1630bc => |-- |<=Pharaoh who expelled Abraham From Egypt    Gen 12:10-20
 

New Kingdom 1550 - 1307bc
 18th Dynasty 1550 - 1307bc

1700bc 1600bc 1500bc 1400bc 1300bc
                                            Amosis    1550-1525bc =>   |----|
                                              Amenophis I   1525-1504bc => |---|
                                                       Thutmosis I   1504-1492bc =>|--|
                                                              Thutmosis II   1492-1479 => |--- --|     | Joseph Governs |<=80yrs 
                   Pharaoh of the Dreams"     Tuthmosis III    1479-1425bc => |--------|
                                                                                                                                    |<= --- Joseph made a 
                                                                                                                                                        Governor in Egypt
                                                               Hatshepset     1479-1457bc => |--- -||< Joseph enters Egypt 1453 bc
                                                                                                                                           See the Story of Joseph
                                                                                                                                           GenesisChapters 37-50
                                                                                      Amenophis II 1427-1393bc => |-----|
                                                                                              Tuthmosis IV   1393-1384bc => |- |
                                                                                               Amemophis III 1384-1346bc   => |--- | ---|
                                                                                                                                           Joseph Dies >|< 1364BC
Was the Heretic Monotheistic Pharaoh Mentored By Joseph ? Akhenaten    1358-1340bc   => |----|
                                                                                                                    Smenkhkare    1342-1340bc => |
                                                                                                                  Tutankhmun    1340-1331bc =>   |-|
                                                                                                                                         Ay   1331-1326bc =>   | |
                                                                                                                              Haremhab    1326-1307bc => |--|

1700bc>
1600bc >
1500bc >
1400bc >
1300bc>
                                                                                                                    1444BC >|-Joseph Governs--|< 80yrs 

The Genealogy of Christ according to Mathew Chapter 1: 1-6
1300 - 921bc

The Sojourn, the Exodus and the Occupation of the Land Of Israel
Major Events In Jewish History and the Life Spans of the Patriarchs
after Exodus

1300bc 1200bc 1100bc 1000bc 900bc
                                                           Exodus | <=1210bc ---------------End of  Solomon's Rule 921bc => |

      |-----------Aram -------------|
                                | - Aminadab --------|
                                                              |--Naasson---|
                                                                         | -- Salma -| -- Booz -| -- Obed ---|
                                                                                                                                  |--Jesse --| David |Solomon|

The Life Spans of the Patriarchs

      |----Aram-137yrs-1240bc----|
                                    |< 1290 Moses 120 yrs 1170bc >|
                                                      | <=1250bc Moses goes into exile in Midian
                                                      |1250 Joshua 110yrs1140bc|
                                                                |<Moses returns from exile to Egypt after the death of Ramesses The Great
                                             1210bc=> |<Exodus 215 yrs after Jacob entered Egypt 600,000 Hebrews leave Egypt
                                                                |Sinai 40 yrs|<-----140 yrs   ------->| <= Joshua and the Judges  
                                                                                               Saul Rules 40 yrs=>|1037-993|
                                                                                                            David Rules 40 yrs=>|1000-961|
                                                                                                                         Solomon Rules 40 yrs => |961-921|

--------------- Sojourn Ends --- =>| <=Sinai=> |<Joshua and the Judges >|<- Saul->| David   |Solomon|

1300bc 1200bc 1100bc 1000bc 900bc

 

"Ark Of The Covenant"

The Glory Days of the Ark During the Expansion of Israel, Moses leads the Exodus and Israel Conquers Canaan 300 yrs

 

1300bc 1200bc 1100bc 1000bc 900bc
                                                          Exodus | <=1210bc                                   End of  Solomon's Rule =>|921bc

Historic Chronologies of the Pharaohs of Egypt
From the Records Of Manetho Commissioned By Ptolemy I in 300B
1326-900bc

                           |---| <= 1326-1307bc Haremhab 

               
19th Dynasty 1307-1196bc

                                   | <= 1307-1306bc   Ramasses I                                                                         
                                   |---| <= 1306-1290bc Sethos I  ordered newborn Hebrews to be killed.
                                              Exodus Chpt.  1:15-21
                                          |--------------|<1290-1224bc Ramesses II The Great
                                               (Period of Great Oppression?)Exodus Chpt.  2:23-25
                                                                    |-| <= 1224-1210bc  Merneptah Pharaoh of the
                                                                                    Exodus? Exodus Chpts. 4-12
                                                                        || < 1210-1205bc Sethos II Period of political unrest
                                                                                and cultural Decline in Egypt
                                                                          || <= 1205-1198bc Siptah 
1300bc 1200bc 1100bc 1000bc 900bc


20th Dynasty 1196-1070bc

                                                                             | <= 1198-1196bc Tworse
                                                                              | <= 1196-1194bc Sehtnakhte    
                                                                               |-- -| <= 1194-1163bc Ramesses III
                                                                                       | -| <= 1163-1156bc Ramesses IV
                                                                                              |-| <= 1156-1151bc Ramesses V
                                                                                                   || <= 1151-1146bc Ramesses VI
                                                                                                    |- | <= 1146-1136bc Ramesses VII
                                                                                                        || <= 1136-1131bc Ramesses VIII
                                                                                                         |--| <= 1131-1112bc Ramesses IX
                                                                                                              |- | <= 1112-1100bc Ramesses X
                                                                                                                  |---| <= 1100-1070bc Ramesses XI 
                                                           Exodus | <=1210bc                             End of  Solomon's Rule 921bc => |
1300bc 1200bc 1100bc 1000bc 900bc


21st Dynasty  1070-945bc

                                                                          Smedes 1070-1044bc => |--------|
                                                                                Amenemnisu  1044-1040bc => |
                                                                                       Psusennes 1040-992bc  => |-- - -- -|
                                                                                                      Amenemope 993-984bc => |- |  
                                                                                                               Osorkon I 984-978bc => |--|
I Kings 2:1  The likely Egyptian Father-in-law of Solomon                  Siamun 978-959bc => |- |
                                                                                                                  Psusennes II 959-946bc  => |- |


22nd Dynasty  945-712bc

I Kings 14:25-26 Invaded Jerusalem the Fifth Year of Rehoboam           Shishak  946-915bc  => |------|    
                                                                                                                                        Takelot 915-900bc    => |- |
1300bc 1200bc 1100bc 1000bc 900bc
                                                   Exodus | <=1210bc                                    End of  Solomon's Rule 921bc=> |


My training and education has been in engineering, material sciences and the arts as they are applied to bronze casting.  I have worked as an artist for thirty-five years. This chronology was developed as a working tool to help me sort out the facts as they relate to the Jewish history behind the Ark of the Covenant.  There is a lot of interest in this subject and volumes have been written on the subject, I personally do not want to add to the confusion.

My Chronological comparison's were made for my own edification and I am willing to look at different possible scenarios in order to put things into context. I consider it a working tool, and nothing more. My focus was primarily on the Exodus period and the art that would have occurred in the geographical area of the Nile Delta called Goshen. Whatever training the artisans recieved who made the Ark would have recieeived in Egypt prior tothe Exodus. It is my belief that Moses design of the ark would have been influenced to use material he had become familiar with in Egypt. Jewish history seems to focus on the national heritage of the Hebrews and not on outside influences.

I would be interested in receiving suggestions for any material that might improve my knowledge of the subject matter.

Chester Comstock


Back to Ark Of the Covenant page.

 

 

 

 

Bibliography:

Dates of the Kings of the New Kingdom thru- 22nd Dynasty

  1.   The Cambridge History of Africa: Volume I
                  Cambridge University Press

  2.   Akhenaten King Of Egypt
                 by Cyril Aldred
                 Thames and Hudson 1988
                 London, England

  3.   New Kingdom dating  derived from the Papyrus of Turin
                 First published in Egypt Circa 1300bc

  4.   The records of Josephus and the Early Christian Chronographers
                  Based on the records of Manetho
                  Commissioned by Ptolemy I 300bc

Genealogies and Dates of the important events Hebrew Patriarchs
are derived from information provided by:

  1.   The Dake's Annotated Reference Bible
                  by Finnis Jennings Dake
                  Dake Bible Sales, Inc. PO Box 173 Lawerenceville, Georgia 1961

   2.   The New American Bible
                  Translated from the original Languages with critical Use of All the Ancient Sources.
                  Published by Catholic Bible Press   1987

Names and Prenomens of Pharaohs
Questions of language are determined from varied sources:

  1.   A Hieroglyphic Dictionary, By E. A. Wallace Budge
                  Dover Publications, New York, New York,    1978
                  Replicated from  a volume first published in   1920

 2.   The records of Josephus and the Early Christian Chronographers
                 Based on the records of Manetho
                 Commissioned by Ptolemy I 300bc

 

 

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